| By 1895 Cuba was in a state of revolution,
wanting to break from Spanish rule. Americans did not agree
with the way Spain was suppressing the outbreaks, and war
with Spain became inevitable in 1898 when the American battleship
Maine was blown up in the Havana Harbor. It was Philadelphia
Congressman Robert Adams who wrote the Declaration of War
against Spain and recognized the independence of Cuba. Pennsylvania
had a number of military leaders involved in the war including
Brigadier Generals Abraham Arnold and James M. Bell. Major
General John R. Brooks of Pottsgrove Township served as
military governor in Cuba and Puerto Rico, and a Pennsylvania
regiment was the first to engage in land combat in the Philippines.
University of California, Santa Barbara
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